Venezuela – October election already fuelling threats and violence against media
With seven months to go to an October presidential election in which incumbent Hugo Chávez will face a challenge from opposition leader Henrique Capriles, the media are already experiencing a level of tension and confrontation that is well beyond what is normal in a pluralistic democratic debate.
Expressions of hate, insults, rumour-mongering and sometimes violence against journalists “guilty” of belonging to a particular news media have reached alarming proportions. Not all the attacks are directly linked to the election, but the tension created by the rivalry between the main political camps is making it harder and harder for journalists to operate in the field.
“The responsibility for this situation is clearly to be found at various levels,” Reporters Without Borders said. “It involves the government and the main political parties, which must urgently remind their members of the basic principles of political debate instead of systematically accusing the other camp.
“It also involves the media, all of which – both state and privately-owned – should pledge to give both candidates a fair share of space or airtime and refrain from the kind of exaggeration and distortion that exposes their own employees to anger on the streets. Might it be possible to get the political leadership in both camps and the various media to agree on a code of conduct?
“Finally, Reporters Without Borders calls for an end to hostilities in the blogosphere. We unreservedly condemn both the morbid and degrading speculation about President Chávez's medical condition and the homophobic and anti-Semitic comments about Henrique Capriles. Such discourse, repeated on Twitter accounts that are often hacked, is unworthy of the important political decision the nation faces.”
Various incidents during the first half of March have highlighted a climate of political polarization that could pose a danger for journalists. During a visit by Capriles to the Caracas neighbourhood of San José de Cotiza on 4 March, armed members of the ruling United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) threatened a crew from the TV news station Globovisión
consisting of reporter Sasha Ackerman
, cameraman Frank Fernández
and assistant Esteban Navas
Shots were fired and an opposition parliamentarian's son sustained a bullet wound. The TV journalists were chased as they ran to take cover in a house, and had to surrender their recordings to their pursuers.
Loathed by the government, which cannot forgive it for the sympathy it showed for an abortive coup attempt in April 2002, Globovisión
is still facing a heavy administrative fine for its coverage of riots at El Rodeo prison
, near Caracas, in June 2011.
Members of the La Piedrita Collective, a radical pro-government group based in a working-class district of the capital, staged a demonstration outside Globovisión's
headquarters on 11 March, accusing it of “financing paramilitary groups” and being responsible for the murders of two La Piedrita activists the day before. Fortunately, the protest did not lead to any violence.
Four days later, members of a local council attacked a TV crew working for the programme “El Radar de los Barrios” during an attempt to interview residents of a locality in Carabobo state about industrial pollution of water supplies.
Opposition activists have also contributed to the climate of hostility. Capriles supporters attacked Catatumbo TV
reporter Fidel Madroñero
and his cameraman on 12 March in Zulia state in an attempt to prevent them from filming. Madroñero accused the opposition supporters of trying several time to destroy their equipment and of stealing personal effects from him.
Similarly, Llafrancis Colina
of “Zurda Konducta,” a programme broadcast on state-owned Venezolana de Televisión (VTV)
, was attacked and humiliated by Capriles supporters during a visit by the opposition candidate to Aragua state on 16 March. Her cameraman, Sergio Acuña
, came to his rescue and managed to prevent the theft of equipment.
The issue of violence is at the heart of the campaign, but journalists expose themselves to danger when they raise it. Sara Vargas García
of the cable TV group Órbita
was threatened with abduction by an unidentified caller while moderating a debate on the subject on 15 March in Anzoátegui state. The threat is being investigated by the Bolivarian Intelligence Service (Sebin) and the Forensic and Criminal Investigation Department (CICPC).
, a cartoonist with the national daily El Universal
, filed a formal complaint yesterday about the hate language that the host of “La Hojilla” (The Razorblade), a pro-government propaganda programme on VTV, used to attack her on the air on 14 March and the threats she has been receiving in a flood of Tweets and emails ever since.